Autoimmune Diseases that You Need to Know
Today, statistics show that there are about 50 million Americans suffering from an autoimmune disease. It is important to know that the number is going high and high every day and this has come to the attention of doctors and medical practitioners. The body immune system protects us from diseases and infections. On the other hand, when you have an autoimmune system, it brings some dysfunction on the immune system. There is the need to know that when you have an autoimmune disease, the disruption caused in your immune system makes it not to keep you safe from diseases and infections. For a long time, the causes of autoimmune disease have not been defined. The following are some of the common autoimmune diseases that people suffer from.
The first autoimmune disease is diabetes type 1. There is the need to know that insulin helps to keep the blood sugar levels in your body regulated. However, when someone has the type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This usually makes you weaker and weaker as your blood sugar levels will not be regulated. The body cannot tell the difference between its cells and foreign cells.
The other common autoimmune disease is multiple sclerosis. This is the disease that damages the protective coating surrounding the nerve cells. The other name of nerve cell coating is myelin sheath. When the nerve cell coating is damaged, the transmission of information from the brain to the body through the spinal cord slows down significantly. It is like the communication system in your body is shut down in a great way.
Another autoimmune disease is the Graves’ disease. The usage of the body’s energy is controlled by the thyroid hormones. With the Graves’ disease, however, the immune system plans an attack on the thyroid glands. This leads to nervousness, heat intolerance, weight loss and a fast heartbeat.
The above diseases are the most common ones though there are more that exist. The most important thing is to learn about the symptoms associated with these diseases to know if you or your loved ones have the disease. When you realize that you have it rough trying to concentrate or focus, feel tired, weight gain, insomnia and such symptoms, it could mean that you have an autoimmune disease. From there the doctor will help to get the treatment that will ensure that you get your life back.
If you are found with autoimmune diseases, you need not worry as there is a treatment you will receive.